Dialogue within Kashmir. Kashmir is now a very divided society. Efforts must be stepped up to bridge the gaps between their three religious groups – Muslims, Hindus and Buddhists – to narrow the gap between rural and urban areas and address the problem of displaced people. The authors thank both Alicia Rodriguez Castillo and Billy Hines for their help in reading and programming all contracts between India and Pakistan. The reciprocal air raids by India and Pakistan were accompanied by fire, reinforcements of troops and small arms fire. During this question-and-answer session, during which he called for restraint between nuclear neighbours, Laurel Miller, director of the Asia-Crisis Group program, noted that the only violations of airspace were the worst in 50 years. Dialogue with Kashmir. Relations between the federal government in New Delhi and the public authorities in Srinagar have improved, but more could be done. There must be a resumption of debate on Article 370 of the Constitution, which grants Kashmir a high degree of autonomy, a commitment to a ceasefire and a willingness to implement policies to improve security, human rights and economic well-being in the province. Pakistan`s relations with Muzaffarabad and the Kashmir region under its control must also be reassessed: Pakistan should allow free elections and reduce the role of the security forces. It should also discuss constitutional and legal amendments that undermine the governance of the territory. The agreement between Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf and India`s new Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, to continue discussions on all contentious issues, including Kashmir, has raised optimism about reducing tensions in South Asia. In 1971, Bangladesh`s declaration of independence was proclaimed on 26 March by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and, subsequently, the war of liberation between Bangladesh and Pakistan, which had then reached India, broke out on the western border of India, which culminated with the founding of Bangladesh.
Security Council Resolution 39 of April 1948 established a United Nations Commission (UNSC) to mediate between India and Pakistan to end the fighting in Kashmir and hold a referendum. After negotiations with both sides, the Commission adopted a three-part resolution in August 1948 and then added a “complement”.