Sino British Agreement

First, given that the Sino-British joint declaration is based exclusively on Chinese cooperation and that there are no other monitoring mechanisms, even if an international tribunal finds that the agreement has been violated, It is unlikely that China will admit. Britain has little other means than to demand reparations; In response, China would “strongly condemn” in a predictable manner and reject such requests. However, this scenario would significantly erode China`s international image and justify other countries re-evaluating their own agreements with China. This agreement between the United Kingdom and China made it clear that Hong Kong`s high level of autonomy, rights and freedoms would remain unchanged for 50 years. China`s commitments, including freedom of expression, the independence of the judiciary and the rule of law, are essential to Hong Kong`s prosperity and way of life. The Joint Declaration of the Salts and the British consists of eight paragraphs, three annexes on basic policy for Hong Kong, the Sino-British Joint Liaison Group and the Land Leases, as well as the two memorandums of both parties. Each party has the same status and “the whole forms a formal international agreement, legally binding in all its elements. Such an international agreement is the highest form of engagement between two sovereign states.¬†[10] As part of these declarations, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is under the control of the central government of the People`s Republic of China and enjoys a high degree of autonomy, with the exception of foreign affairs and defence. It is authorized to have executive, legislative and independent powers, including final decision-making power. The Basic Law specifies that in addition to Chinese, English can also be used in government bodies and that in addition to the national flag and the national emblem of the PRC, the HKSAR can use its own regional flag and logo.

It aims to maintain the capitalist economic and commercial systems previously practiced in Hong Kong. The third paragraph lists the basic policies of the PRC with regard to Hong Kong: one of the main achievements has been to ensure the continuity of the independent judicial system in Hong Kong, including agreements in the areas of trade, civil aviation, nuclear materials, whaling, underwater telegraph, space and many others. It also agreed to a network of bilateral agreements between Hong Kong and other countries. Under these agreements, agreements were reached for the continued implementation of some 200 international conventions to HKSAR after 30 June 1997. Hong Kong is expected to continue to participate in various international organizations after the handover. First, the declaration itself does not have a mechanism approved by both parties to ensure compliance.

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